"ADA is a landmark commandment of fundamental human morality."
- Justin Dart, Jr.
Father of the Americans with Disabilities Act
Contact UsProtection & Advocacy System, Inc.
7344 Stockman Street
Cheyenne, Wyoming 82009
Phone: (307) 632-3496
Fax: (307) 638-0815
P&A activities are governed by several federal laws and regulations. Some of the most significant are as follows:
The Protection & Advocacy for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (PAIDD) Program was created by the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights (DD) Act of 1975. P&As are required by the Act to pursue legal, administrative and other appropriate remedies to protect and advocate for the rights of individuals with developmental disabilities under all applicable federal and state laws. In 1994, amendments to the DD Act expanded the system to include a Native American P&A program.
The Client Assistance Program (CAP) was established as a mandatory program by the 1984 Amendments to the Rehabilitation Act. CAP provides information and advocacy to persons receiving or seeking services under the Rehabilitation Act and provides information about benefits and services under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act. Appeal Rights
The Protection & Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness (PAIMI) Program was established in 1986. Each state has a PAIMI program which receives funding from the national Center for Mental Health Services. Agencies are mandated to (1) protect and advocate for the rights of people with mental illness and (2) investigate reports of abuse and neglect in facilities that care for or treat individuals with mental illness.
The Protection & Advocacy of Individual Rights (PAIR) Program was established by Congress as a national program under the Rehabilitation Act in 1993. PAIR programs were established to protect and advocate for the legal and human rights of persons with disabilities. Although PAIR is funded at a lower level than PAIDD and PAIMI, it represents an important component of a comprehensive system to advocate for the rights of all persons with disabilities.
The Protection & Advocacy for Assistive Technology (PAAT) Program was created in 1994 when Congress expanded the Technology-Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act (Tech Act) to include funding for P&As to "assist individuals with disabilities and their family members, guardians, advocates and authorized representatives in accessing technology devices and assistive technology services" through case management, legal representation and self advocacy training. Originally passed by Congress in 1988, the Tech Act set up a lead agency in each state to coordinate activities to facilitate access to, provision of and funding for assistive technology devices and services for individuals with disabilities.
The Protection & Advocacy for Beneficiaries of Social Security (PABSS) Program offers services to current beneficiaries of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) or Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) age 14 through full retirement age who want to go to work, return to work, or maintain employment.
Here are some of the ways PABSS can help:
Student SSI or SSDI beneficiaries making the transition from school to workThe Protection & Advocacy for Voter Access (PAVA) Program will help "ensure the full participation in the electoral process for individuals with disabilities, including registering to vote, casting a vote and accessing polling places." None of the PAVA funds provided to P&As may be used to "initiate or otherwise participate in any litigation related to election-related disability access, notwithstanding the general authorities that the protection and advocacy systems are otherwise afforded until subtitle C of Title I of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000."
SSI or SSDI beneficiaries who have been notified by Social Security of work-related overpayments that are a barrier to employment
SSI or SSDI beneficiaries needing appropriate vocational rehabilitation services from the Division of Vocational Rehabilitation or another Employment Network
SSI or SSDI beneficiaries needing referral for benefits planning or information about work incentives under the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Act
SSI or SSDI beneficiaries facing other clearly work-related obstacles to employment
The Protection & Advocacy for Persons with Traumatic Brain Injury (PATBI) Program provides advocacy services to individuals with traumatic brain injury through outreach, training, individual and systemic advocacy.
The major goal of this program is to assure that individuals with traumatic brain injury receive appropriate services and support within their own communities.
DISCLAIMER: This website is produced and published at U.S. taxpayer expense. Protection & Advocacy System, Inc. provides information on its website as a service to members of the general public. Use of this site does not constitute, in any manner, an attorney-client relationship nor creates a contract between Protection & Advocacy System, Inc. and the user. Information contained on the website is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice.
There is no promise or warranty as to the accuracy, completeness, adequacy, timeliness, or relevance of the information contained on the website. The materials on the website do not necessarily reflect the official opinions of Protection & Advocacy System, Inc., its funding sources, or any of its representatives or employees.
Protection & Advocacy System, Inc.’s website contains hyperlinks to other websites and/or hosts comments from third parties. Protection & Advocacy System, Inc. is not responsible for the content of any third party comments posted on Protection & Advocacy System, Inc.’s website or any site accessible through a hyperlink on Protection & Advocacy System, Inc.’s website. Any links do not constitute any endorsement by Protection & Advocacy System, Inc. We do not maintain or control the information on these sites and do not guarantee their accuracy or reliability.
SSA has reviewed the PABSS Program section for technical accuracy only; this should not be considered an official SSA document.
The following federal funding partners shared in the entire cost of producing this website. This website was made possible by 100% federal government funding support from the following agencies of the Administration for Community Living (grants 1501WYPADD, 1503WYVOTP, and H343A150049); the Center for Mental Health Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (grant 3X98SM005697); the Social Security Administration (grant PAB13020259); the Rehabilitation Services Administration (grants H161A150051 and H240A150051); and Health & Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration (X82MC16883). These contents are solely the responsibility of the grantee and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should any endorsements be inferred by any of these agencies or the U.S. government.